Complete List of Arabic Speaking Countries 2014
In this article, we provide you with a complete list of Arabic speaking countries. Not only are countries listed whose official language is Arabic, but also countries whose co-official language is Arabic. The first list provided is Arabic speaking countries sorted in alphabetical order. This article also includes data on GDP, population, and sections for each dialectal group of colloquial Arabic. The same data is provided for countries with sizable populations of Arabic speakers or whose co-official language is Arabic.
|United Arab Emirates (UAE)|
Brief Background on Arabic and the Arab World
As many as 420 million people around the world speak Arabic, making it the sixth most spoken language. The word “Arab” means “nomad”, which makes sense considering Arabic originated from nomadic tribes in the desert regions of the Arabian Peninsula. Arabic language evolved from Nabataean Aramaic script and has been used since the 4th century CE. It is written from right to left, in a cursive style, and includes 28 letters similar to the English alphabet. Arabic belongs to the “Semitic” group of languages and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. It has been preserved since the 7th century CE through the Prophet Muhammad’s revelations recorded in the Qur’an. By the 8th Century CE, Arabic began spreading throughout the Middle East and North Africa as many people converted to Islam. All Muslims are obliged to use Arabic in prayer. Today, the Arab world is as region composed of countries in the Middle East and North Africa where Arabic is an official language. Arabic speaking countries are immensely diverse from one another in terms of their history, culture, politics, and dialects.
List of Arabic Speaking Countries by GDP
In total, Arabic speaking countries have a collective GDP of $2.851 trillion. This is approximately 4% of Gross World Product (GWP). Many countries in the Arab world are considered emerging markets. The Arab world is most notable for petroleum production, specifically in the Middle East. Saudi Arabia produces the second most amount of oil in the world with Iraq, UAE, and Kuwait ranking 7, 8, and 11 respectively. Many of these countries economies’ solely depend on oil revenues. In Qatar, the Arab country with the largest GDP growth (5.6%), petroleum accounts for more than 70% of total government revenue, more than 60% of gross domestic product, and roughly 85% of export earnings. However, petroleum is not the only industry in the Arab world. For example, Jordan does not have oil or other resources for energy production. Instead, services in Jordan account for more than 67% of GDP. The banking sector in Jordan is one of the strongest in the region. Arab Bank is one of the largest financial institutions in the Middle East and is headquartered in Jordan’s capital Amman. The Arab world is also diverse in regards to living standards. Qatar has one of the highest GDP per capita in the world at $93,352 where as Yemen has one of the lowest at $1,473.
|Country||GDP (billions of USD)|
|United Arab Emirates||383.8|
List of Arabic Speaking Countries by Population
The total estimated population of the Arab World is 369.8 million people (2013). This region stretches from Morocco in Northern Africa to Dubai in the Persian Gulf. Egypt is the most populous country and Bahrain is the least populous country in the region. Many countries in this region have very high population growth rates. For example, Oman and Qatar have the highest population growth rates in the world at 9.2% and 5.6% respectively. Approximately 90% of people in the Arab world identify as Muslim, while 6% are Christian and 4% make up other various religions. The majority of people in this region are ethnically Arab but other major ethnic groups include Berber and Kurdish. Below is the complete Arabic Speaking Countries list sorted by population:
|United Arab Emirates||9,346,000|
Other Arab Speaking Countries
Many countries also list Arabic as a Co-official language or have sizable Arabic speaking communities. However, Arabic is a minority language in all of these countries. For example, Chad has two official languages, French and literary Arabic, as well as over 120 indigenous languages.
|Country||GDP (billions USD)||Population|
Dialects of Arabic
There are three forms of Arabic: Modern Standard Arabic (MSA), Qur’anic Arabic / Classical Arabic, and Colloquial Arabic. MSA is the official modern language of the Arab world and is derived from the Qur’an. MSA is widely taught in schools and universities throughout Arab speaking countries. It is also used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media throughout the Arab World.
Despite the existence of MSA, Arabic-Speakers grow up speaking the dialect of their region. Every Arabic speaking country has its own form of colloquial Arabic that differs radically from MSA. A single dialect of colloquial Arabic may be common throughout an entire region or specific to one country. The major Arabic dialectal groups are:
|Dialect||Areas Spoken||Number of Speakers|
|Gulf||Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE||36,056,000|
|Hassaniya||Mauritania, southern Morocco, south western Algeria, Western Sahara||3,000,000|
|Levantine||Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine, Syria||21,000,000|
|Maghrebi||Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia||70,000,000|
|Mesopotamian/Iraqi||Iraq, eastern Syria||35,000,000|
|Sudanese||Sudan, Southern Egypt||40,000,000|
|Yemeni||Yemen, Somalia, Djibouti, southern Saudi Arabia||15,000,000|
Written by by Scott Ridout